Adderall is a pharmaceutical stimulant amphetamine used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.
While the exact mechanism of Adderall is unknown, it is believed that Adderall works by blocking the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine into the presynaptic neuron and reverses the reuptake mechanism, turning it into a pump instead of a vacuum.
The increased flow of dopamine and norepinephrine into the extraneuronal space causes the brain, as one psychiatrist explains, to experience a more intense level of concentration, causing an increased ability to focus for extended periods of time, and a heightened interest in performing mental tasks.
Though rare, it is possible for Adderall to cause psychotic episodes at recommended doses in patients with a history of psychosis.
Some people feel that they are less creative while taking Adderall, while others report that the focusing effect can aid in creative work.
Common side effects of Adderall include:
* Increased heart rate
* Loss of Appetite
* Sexual dysfunction
* Dry Mouth
Because Adderall uses amphetamine stimulants to help the user concentrate for extended periods of time, many students today request Adderall from doctors in order to use it as a study aid. Thus, it is increasingly popular on college campuses. The largest benefit to students however is Adderall’s ability to give students the power to focus on and learn what would usually be uninteresting material.
Because of the appetite-suppressing properties of amphetamines, it is also sought after by those wishing to lose weight. Another less common use for students is to take Adderall before or during a night of heavy drinking in order to remain alert and active despite being intoxicated.
On the street, Adderall is sold illegally for 2 to 8 a pill (pills ranging from 5 to 35 mg) (Purdie) or about 4- 10 for 20 mg (Peter). Slang terms for Adderall are: “study buddies”, “ralls”, “smart pills”, “beenies”, “amps”, “a-bombs”, “addies”, “blue buddies”, “Blue Betties”, “orange tic-tacs”, “jollies”, “smurphs”, “diet coke”, “Davies”, “team blue”, “the A train”, “A+” in reference to its stimulant effect (Ambien or Zolpidem is often referred to as “A-”, the reverse effect of Adderall), and in some regions of the U.S., “railguns” and “that’da boy(s).” On some college campuses taking Adderall is known as “taking the A train” or “getting some vitamin A.”
Disclaimer – The information presented here should not be interpreted as medical advice. Talk to your doctor for more information about Adderall.
Heather Colman -
About the Author:
This article is Copyright © 2006, Heather Colman. Find more adderall resources at adderall-centre.info.
- Adderall Side Effects and Your Child