Roman chamomile is originally from northwestern Europe and Northern Ireland, where it grows close to the ground and can reach up to one foot in height . The plant typically has gray-green leaves and the flowers smell like apples. Chamomile teas and extracts all begin with the yellow and white flower head. The flower heads are typically dried and then used in teas.
Chamomile tea is an herb that has been used for centuries as a medicinal substance. The two primary types of chamomile tea that are used to promote health include German chamomile and Roman chamomile. German chamomile is used more often and a German governmental organization called Commission E has approved it for use on skin to help reduce swelling and fight bacteria and as a tea to help alleviate stomach cramps. Roman chamomile has been traditionally used to treat vomiting, nausea, heartburn, and gas, but today it is commonly used to relieve anxiety. Chamomile is commonly found not only in teas, but also in a wide range of face creams, hair dyes, drinks, perfumes, and shampoos.
Roman chamomile is commonly used for digestive disorders such as nausea, indigestion, vomiting, loss of appetite, and intestinal gas due to mental stress, according to the National Institutes of Health. It is also commonly used for pain and swelling that takes place on the lining of the nose and mouth, sinus pain, as well as for rheumatic disorders, but more evidence is needed to determine how effective chamomile truly is. People have used German chamomile to treat irritation that results from chest colds, abscesses, slow-healing wounds, gum inflammation and skin conditions such as eczema. For these types of conditions, chamomile is usually used in a bath or in an infusion, according to Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
1. University of Maryland: Roman chamomile
2. MedlinePlus: Roman chamomile
3. Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center: Chamomile